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Throughout the world, one of the most common ailments in a person is headache or cephalalgia. It affects more than fifty percent of the fairer sex and a little less, up to thirty percent, of men.

Headache is different localization and its origin. On this depends and ways to combat this disease. In addition, frequent and severe headaches are a clear sign that a person can develop a serious disease that requires timely diagnosis and treatment.

However, despite the prevalence of this symptom, as a rule, when the patient first contacts the clinic, the true cause of his appearance in three cases out of ten is not revealed, therefore, a thorough diagnosis and a comprehensive examination are carried out.

Consider the main causes of headaches, as well as ways to deal with them.


The reasons for which a person begins to experience headaches in the crown are quite a lot. Some of them are easily removable, it is enough to go out for a walk in the fresh air, relax and so on, and others - more serious, in which without the help of a qualified specialist can not do.

It should also be understood that cephalgia occurs:

  • primary;
  • secondary.

The primary ones are migraine, tension headache, and cluster pain.

To secondary - this is a symptomatic pain syndrome, which accompanies a number of other pathologies in the body.

Pain can be acute, intermittent, chronic.

As a rule, the following diseases and disorders are the causes of secondary cephalalgia:

  • Inflammatory processes affecting the brain membranes are, first of all, encephalitis, meningitis, arachnoiditis;
  • the formation of tumors that lead to the stagnation of the cerebrospinal fluid;
  • infectious processes, which cause cerebral edema;
  • hypertension, stroke;
  • inflammatory processes and eye damage;
  • amage to the ears, sinuses of the nose, temples, jaws, neck muscular tissue;
  • failures in the endocrine system;
  • pathological condition of pericranial muscles;
  • temporal arteritis (vascular pathology);
  • head trauma;
  • response to the admission or withdrawal of certain medications;
  • decrease of vascular tone.

These are the most common causes that contribute to the occurrence of pain. But, in order to get rid of the headache, first of all it is necessary to establish what specifically, was its cause. For this purpose, examinations are carried out and treatment is prescribed based on the results obtained.

The most common cause of the appearance of pain in the top of the head is tension headache and migraine. The first is manifested by dull pressing pain in the parietal region, usually after excessive physical or emotional stress, fatigue, stress. Migraine is a throbbing pain on one side, most often in the temporal or parietal part. It is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, numbness of the upper extremities. Migraine has hereditary predisposition. It can also occur after severe overwork, as a reaction to sharp odors, sounds, some foods. And meteosensitive people suffer from it.

Also, the appearance of a headache is promoted by a wrong way of life. This is, first of all, a passion for harmful habits, an unbalanced diet, excessive physical activity, constant lack of sleep and so on.

It should be noted and cluster pain, which is typical for men over forty and women in the menopause, although the fair sex can face them and during menstruation. Cluster pains are characterized by a sudden appearance in any area of ​​the head and a duration of two minutes to one hour. In addition to painful sensations, the following symptoms may also appear:

  • noise in ears;
  • a sharp reaction to light and sounds;
  • redness of the face;
  • trembling in the hands;
  • chills.

When to see a doctor

Headache can be quite pronounced, repeat from several days and even weeks and last for several hours. Ignore this condition and do self-medication, as this can be a sign of a serious illness. Particular attention should be paid to the following symptoms that accompany cephalgia:

  • dizziness;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • decreased visual function;
  • memory problems;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • disorientation in space;
  • loss of balance;
  • blood pressure jumps;
  • high body temperature;
  • dry mouth;
  • painful sensations do not pass and after taking painkillers.

With such symptoms, it is extremely dangerous to delay the visit to the doctor. The first thing to do is to consult a therapist who will determine the need for further examination by narrow specialists and diagnostics.

Diagnosis and treatment of headache

To determine the true causes that triggered the patient's cephalgia, as a rule, refer to a consultation with a neuropathologist, ophthalmologist, psychiatrist, traumatologist. In addition, the following examinations are mandatory:

  • general analysis of blood and urine;
  • Heart ACT;
  • MRI and CT of the brain;
  • X-ray of the cervical spine;
  • the blood pressure is measured.

As a result of the examination, a complete clinical picture is collected, on the basis of which the diagnosis is established, followed by treatment tactics.

In addition to the cause of cephalalgia, the age, gender and individual characteristics of each organism are also important for the choice of therapy.

Treatment of primary pain, mainly involves the use of special medications, compliance with the regime, the implementation of relaxing and physiotherapy procedures.

The choice of drugs for headaches is quite extensive. Under reduced pressure, they are prescribed "Citramon", "Ascophene", at high pressure - "Captopril", "Pharmadipin".

When a patient is suffering from migraines, then the vitamin and mineral complex must necessarily be drunk.

With cluster pain, Sedalgin is effective.

Also, with strong stupid character, the pains are prescribed "Spasmalgon", "Ibuprofen" and others

In secondary cephalalgia, treatment should primarily be directed at eliminating the cause, and using analgesic tablets is purely concomitant in nature, to relieve painful symptoms.

However, one important rule should be kept in mind and strictly observed: it is strictly forbidden to self-medicate, all medications should be prescribed by a doctor and a strict dosage should be established.