Beam (cluster) headache – signs, frequency
A tuft (cluster) headache is a recurring episode of short-lasting, debilitating, periorbital pain. These headaches occur in series (clusters) once or twice a year and last about 6 weeks. During a painful cluster (cluster), patients experience an average of one to four episodes of headache per night.
Between pain beams, headaches in patients are practically absent. Vegetative symptoms, such as marked tearing and nasal discharge, are considered as pathognomonic signs of a puchnous headache, but some patients do not notice these manifestations due to the high intensity of pain.
A bundle headache is a relatively rare disease and occurs in less than 1% of adults. Over the past decades, the number of new cases has noticeably decreased.
The incidence of tuberculosis headache in Rochester, Minnesota from 1979 to 1981 was 10 cases per 100,000, and in the period from 1989 to 1990 it decreased to 2 cases per 100,000 population per year.
Moreover, over the past decades, the previously observed prevalence of beam headache among the male population has decreased: if in the 1960s, the ratio of men: women was 6: 1, then in the 1990s. it was 2: 1. Changes in lifestyle, an increase in the frequency of drinking and smoking among the female population, along with an increase in women’s business activity, led to changes in the epidemiology of a headache.
1. Periodic, short-term, very severe headache
2. Duration 30-90 minutes
3. Appears predominantly at night.
4. Usually pain affects the eye and / or paraorbital region on one side.
5. During an attack, the patient becomes agitated, agitated.
6. Tearing or nasal discharge may occur.